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Br J Dermatol. 2014 Jul;171(1):170-4. doi: 10.1111/bjd.12884. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Acitretin treatment for hidradenitis suppurativa: a prospective series of 17 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Medical University, Chałubińskiego 1, 50-368, Wrocław, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The management of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is still challenging, and new treatment methods are necessary. Acitretin seems to be a promising agent in HS management; however, literature data are limited.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the clinical efficacy of acitretin monotherapy in 17 patients with long-standing and recalcitrant HS. Simultaneously, an assessment of quality of life was carried out.

METHODS:

The study was conducted with a group of 17 patients with HS. Patients were treated with acitretin for up to 9 months and examined at baseline, after 1 month, and then every 3 months from baseline. The clinical extent of disease severity was measured with the HS Severity Index (HSSI), Hurley scoring system, Physician's Global Assessment and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).

RESULTS:

Nine patients (53%) finished the whole 9 months of acitretin treatment. The mean acitretin dose was 0·56 ± 0·08 mg kg(-1) daily. A significant improvement of clinical manifestation (HSSI, DLQI) was observed after only 1 month of therapy, and further improvement was recorded during the next few months. Overall, eight subjects (47%) fulfilled the criteria for response (HSSI ≥ 50% reduction from baseline). The dropout rate was 47%, due mostly to drug ineffectiveness and adverse events. Discontinuation of treatment resulted in deterioration or relapse of HS 2-8 months after acitretin cessation, in all but one patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

HS treatment with acitretin seems to be a promising method of disease management. However, due to the high daily dosage, its usage may be limited.

PMID:
24506875
DOI:
10.1111/bjd.12884
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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