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Ann Nucl Med. 2014 May;28(4):340-8. doi: 10.1007/s12149-014-0815-z. Epub 2014 Feb 7.

Performance measurement of PSF modeling reconstruction (True X) on Siemens Biograph TruePoint TrueV PET/CT.

Author information

1
Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute Radiological and Medical Sciences, 75 Nowon-gil, Gongneung-dong, Nowon-gu, Seoul, 139-706, Republic of Korea, redn2000@yonsei.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The Siemens Biograph TruePoint TrueV (B-TPTV) positron emission tomography (PET) scanner performs 3D PET reconstruction using a system matrix with point spread function (PSF) modeling (called the True X reconstruction). PET resolution was dramatically improved with the True X method. In this study, we assessed the spatial resolution and image quality on a B-TPTV PET scanner. In addition, we assessed the feasibility of animal imaging with a B-TPTV PET and compared it with a microPET R4 scanner.

METHODS:

Spatial resolution was measured at center and at 8 cm offset from the center in transverse plane with warm background activity. True X, ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) without PSF modeling, and filtered back-projection (FBP) reconstruction methods were used. Percent contrast (% contrast) and percent background variability (% BV) were assessed according to NEMA NU2-2007. The recovery coefficient (RC), non-uniformity, spill-over ratio (SOR), and PET imaging of the Micro Deluxe Phantom were assessed to compare image quality of B-TPTV PET with that of the microPET R4.

RESULTS:

When True X reconstruction was used, spatial resolution was <3.65 mm with warm background activity. % contrast and % BV with True X reconstruction were higher than those with the OSEM reconstruction algorithm without PSF modeling. In addition, the RC with True X reconstruction was higher than that with the FBP method and the OSEM without PSF modeling method on the microPET R4. The non-uniformity with True X reconstruction was higher than that with FBP and OSEM without PSF modeling on microPET R4. SOR with True X reconstruction was better than that with FBP or OSEM without PSF modeling on the microPET R4.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study assessed the performance of the True X reconstruction. Spatial resolution with True X reconstruction was improved by 45 % and its % contrast was significantly improved compared to those with the conventional OSEM without PSF modeling reconstruction algorithm. The noise level was higher than that with the other reconstruction algorithm. Therefore, True X reconstruction should be used with caution when quantifying PET data.

PMID:
24504938
DOI:
10.1007/s12149-014-0815-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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