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PLoS One. 2014 Feb 4;9(2):e87284. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087284. eCollection 2014.

Mobilization of endogenous bone marrow derived endothelial progenitor cells and therapeutic potential of parathyroid hormone after ischemic stroke in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America ; Department of Neurology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
3
Department of Neurology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America ; Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Abstract

Stroke is a major neurovascular disorder threatening human life and health. Very limited clinical treatments are currently available for stroke patients. Stem cell transplantation has shown promising potential as a regenerative treatment after ischemic stroke. The present investigation explores a new concept of mobilizing endogenous stem cells/progenitor cells from the bone marrow using a parathyroid hormone (PTH) therapy after ischemic stroke in adult mice. PTH 1-34 (80 µg/kg, i.p.) was administered 1 hour after focal ischemia and then daily for 6 consecutive days. After 6 days of PTH treatment, there was a significant increase in bone marrow derived CD-34/Fetal liver kinase-1 (Flk-1) positive endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the peripheral blood. PTH treatment significantly increased the expression of trophic/regenerative factors including VEGF, SDF-1, BDNF and Tie-1 in the brain peri-infarct region. Angiogenesis, assessed by co-labeled Glut-1 and BrdU vessels, was significantly increased in PTH-treated ischemic brain compared to vehicle controls. PTH treatment also promoted neuroblast migration from the subventricular zone (SVZ) and increased the number of newly formed neurons in the peri-infarct cortex. PTH-treated mice showed significantly better sensorimotor functional recovery compared to stroke controls. Our data suggests that PTH therapy improves endogenous repair mechanisms after ischemic stroke with functional benefits. Mobilizing endogenous bone marrow-derived stem cells/progenitor cells using PTH and other mobilizers appears an effective and feasible regenerative treatment after ischemic stroke.

PMID:
24503654
PMCID:
PMC3913619
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0087284
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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