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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2014 Mar;103(3):e7-10. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2013.12.043. Epub 2014 Jan 6.

Gender differences in the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a clinic-based retrospective longitudinal study.

Author information

1
Division of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
2
Jinnouchi Clinic, Diabetes Care Center, Kumamoto, Japan.
3
Division of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan; Center for Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address: kazukon@gpo.kumamoto-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

A clinic-based retrospective longitudinal study conducted for 5.8 ± 2.5 years, including 383 (M/F 245/138) Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus showed that females exhibit a significantly higher prevalence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) at baseline and that female gender is an independent risk factor for the development of DR.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetic retinopathy; Gender difference; Longitudinal study; Type 2 diabetes

PMID:
24503044
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2013.12.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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