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Stand Genomic Sci. 2013 Oct 2;9(1):57-70. doi: 10.4056/sigs.4237901. eCollection 2013 Oct 16.

Genome sequence of the moderately thermophilic sulfur-reducing bacterium Thermanaerovibrio velox type strain (Z-9701(T)) and emended description of the genus Thermanaerovibrio.

Author information

1
DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA.
2
Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig, Germany.
3
DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA ; Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA.
4
T. Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bionformatics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia ; Algorithmic Biology Lab, St. Petersburg Academic University, St. Petersburg, Russia.
5
Biological Data Management and Technology Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USA.
6
HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.
7
MTCC - Microbial Type Culture Collection & Gene Bank, CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, India.
8
DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA ; University of California Davis Genome Center, Davis, California, USA.
9
DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA ; Australian Centre for Ecogenomics, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

Thermanaerovibrio velox Zavarzina et al. 2000 is a member of the Synergistaceae, a family in the phylum Synergistetes that is already well-characterized at the genome level. Members of this phylum were described as Gram-negative staining anaerobic bacteria with a rod/vibrioid cell shape and possessing an atypical outer cell envelope. They inhabit a large variety of anaerobic environments including soil, oil wells, wastewater treatment plants and animal gastrointestinal tracts. They are also found to be linked to sites of human diseases such as cysts, abscesses, and areas of periodontal disease. The moderately thermophilic and organotrophic T. velox shares most of its morphologic and physiologic features with the closely related species, T. acidaminovorans. In addition to Su883(T), the type strain of T. acidaminovorans, stain Z-9701(T) is the second type strain in the genus Thermanaerovibrio to have its genome sequence published. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the non-contiguous genome sequence and annotation. The 1,880,838 bp long chromosome (non-contiguous finished sequence) with its 1,751 protein-coding and 59 RNA genes is a part of the G enomic E ncyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

KEYWORDS:

GEBA; S0-reduction; Synergistaceae; Synergistetes; curved rods; cyanobacterial mat; motile; obligate anaerobic; organotrophic

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