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J Invest Dermatol. 1988 Mar;90(3):336-41.

Role of transforming growth factor beta in the maturation of human epidermal keratinocytes.

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Psoriasis Research Institute, Stanford, California 94309.


Changes in protein synthesis and phosphorylation in cultured human keratinocytes in response to TGF-beta have been examined by one and two dimensional electrophoresis. Transforming growth factor beta has been shown to cause little change in the rate of methionine incorporation in the concentration range in which growth is reversibly arrested. It does, however, prevent the labeling of certain specific bands detected on gels of triton-soluble proteins after 3 days of treatment. Phosphorylation of triton-soluble proteins is inhibited at concentrations of TGF-beta rather higher than the Kd of its receptor and may represent a nonphysiological effect. Nonetheless, the phosphorylation of certain prominent species is reduced. In keratinocytes cultured in delipidated serum, which show some expression of keratin 1 (67 kd) characteristic of normal maturation, TGF-beta reduces the incorporation of methionine into this keratin 1 and increases labeling of keratins 6 and 16. Transforming growth factor beta thus promotes regenerative maturation, which is normally expressed during wound healing. The ability of TGF-beta to arrest keratinocyte growth in a reversible manner and to stimulate regenerative maturation, supports its physiological role in controlling the balance between cell division, migration and maturation during epidermal wound healing.

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