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J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2014 Feb;36(1):93-106. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0100.

Body-related envy: a social comparison perspective in sport and exercise.

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1
Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

These three studies sought to better understand experiences of body-related envy and to examine the association with motivation and exercise behavior in young adult males and females. In an interview study, participants (N = 11) discussed body-related envy within a framework of social comparison. In Study 2, a thematic content analysis was conducted on self-reported narratives of body-related envy experiences reported by 288 participants. Themes of body-related envy triggers, cognitions, and cognitive and behavioral outcomes were identified. Findings from Studies 1 and 2 highlighted the possible link between body-related envy and exercise motivation and behavior. Study 3 tested these associations with males and females (N = 595) who completed a self-report questionnaire. In the structural equation model, body-related envy was positively associated with external, introjected, and identified regulations, and identified regulation was positively associated with exercise behavior. Taken together, the importance of body-related envy in the experience of cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes related to sport and exercise contexts is highlighted.

PMID:
24501147
DOI:
10.1123/jsep.2013-0100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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