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J Nephrol. 2014 Apr;27(2):111-6. doi: 10.1007/s40620-014-0042-7. Epub 2014 Feb 6.

Diagnostic value of phospholipase A2 receptor in idiopathic membranous nephropathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, The First Hospital of JingZhou, Yangtze University, Hangkongstreet 8, Jingzhou, 434000, Hubei, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Detection of M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) can be used in serologic diagnosis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), but there are limited data about the sensitivity and specificity of its diagnostic values.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Meta-analysis of diagnostic test studies assessing the values of PLA2R in diagnosis of IMN. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases and congress abstracts were searched for studies reporting the value of PLA2R to predict IMN. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the guidelines of the updated Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) tool. The results are summarized as sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (OR). Data from 10 studies involving 1,550 participants were analyzed. Across all settings, the diagnostic OR for serum anti-PLA2R level to predict IMN at different stages was 247.41, with sensitivity of 0.69 and specificity of 0.99. The estimated sensitivity and specificity of serum anti-PLA2R level for diagnosis of IMN in the active stage were 74.0 and 95.0%, respectively, with diagnostic OR of 54.22. The estimated sensitivity and specificity of biopsy anti-PLA2R for diagnosis of IMN at different stages was 73.0 and 83.0%, respectively, with diagnostic OR of 13.75.

CONCLUSIONS:

This meta-analysis shows that serum anti-PLA2R level is of diagnostic value for IMN in the active stage. Future large-cohort prospective studies are required to reveal the diagnostic value of circulating anti-PLA2R antibodies versus PLA2R antigens in kidney biopsy for IMN at different stages.

PMID:
24500886
DOI:
10.1007/s40620-014-0042-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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