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Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2014 Jun;10(3):417-28. doi: 10.1007/s12015-013-9494-8.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promotes fetal mesenchymal stem/stromal cell migration and wound healing process.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biology, University of Athens, School of Medicine, Michalakopoulou 176, Athens, 115 27, Greece, roubel@med.uoa.gr.

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown the presence of high levels of growth factors during the process of healing. Growth factors act by binding to the cell surface receptors and contribute to the subsequent activation of signal transduction mechanisms. Wound healing requires a complex of biological and molecular events that includes attraction and proliferation of different type of cells to the wound site, differentiation and angiogenesis. More specifically, migration of various cell types, such as endothelial cells and their precursors, mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) or skin fibroblasts (DFs) plays an important role in the healing process. In recent years, the application of platelet rich plasma (PRP) to surgical wounds and skin ulcerations is becoming more frequent, as it is believed to accelerate the healing process. The local enrichment of growth factors at the wound after PRP application causes a stimulation of tissue regeneration. Herein, we studied: (i) the effect of autologous PRP in skin ulcers of patients of different aetiology, (ii) the proteomic profile of PRP, (iii) the migration potential of amniotic fluid MSCs and DFs in the presence of PRP extract in vitro, (iv) the use of the PRP extract as a substitute for serum in cultivating AF-MSCs. Considering its easy access, PRP may provide a valuable tool in multiple therapeutic approaches.

PMID:
24500853
DOI:
10.1007/s12015-013-9494-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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