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Ann Behav Med. 2014 Oct;48(2):205-14. doi: 10.1007/s12160-014-9589-8.

The clustering of health behaviours in older Australians and its association with physical and psychological status, and sociodemographic indicators.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Increasing life expectancies, burgeoning healthcare costs and an emphasis on the management of multiple health-risk behaviours point to a need to delineate health lifestyles in older adults.

PURPOSE:

The aims of this study were to delineate health lifestyles of a cohort of older adults and to examine the association of these lifestyles with biological and psychological states and socio-economic indices.

METHODS:

Cluster analysis was applied to data derived from the self-reported 45 and Up cohort study (Nā€‰=ā€‰96,276) of Australians over 45 years, regarding exercise, smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and cancer screening behaviours.

RESULTS:

Six lifestyle clusters emerged delineated by smoking, screening and physical activity levels. Individuals within health-risk dominant clusters were more likely to be male, living alone, low-income earners, living in a deprived neighbourhood, psychologically distressed and experiencing low quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health lifestyle cluster membership can be used to identify older adults at greatest risk for physical and psychological health morbidity.

PMID:
24500081
PMCID:
PMC4212155
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-014-9589-8
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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