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PLoS One. 2014 Jan 31;9(1):e87692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087692. eCollection 2014.

Circulating contact-pathway-activating microparticles together with factors IXa and XIa induce spontaneous clotting in plasma of hematology and cardiologic patients.

Author information

1
Federal Research and Clinical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia ; HemaCore LLC, Moscow, Russia.
2
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
3
National Research Center for Hematology, Health Ministry RF, Moscow, Russia.
4
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America.
5
Federal Research and Clinical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia ; HemaCore LLC, Moscow, Russia ; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia ; National Research Center for Hematology, Health Ministry RF, Moscow, Russia ; Center for Theoretical Problems of Physico-Chemical Pharmacology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Using an in vitro experimental model of immobilized tissue factor-initiated clot growth in platelet-free plasma (thrombodynamics), we observed formation of activator-independent isolated spontaneous clots (SC) throughout the plasma volume in patients with cardiac infarction, acute leukemia, hemolytic anemia, and some other disorders. The aim of this work was to characterize this phenomenon and to identify the mechanisms of SC formation.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Tissue factor inhibitor (VIIai) prevented SC in only 2 out of 23 patient plasma samples. Specific inhibitors of factors IXa and XIa were efficient in all 8 cases that we tested. Also, only factors IXa and XIa added to normal donors' plasma induced SC formations from isolated centers, in a pattern similar to that in patients' plasma. In contrast, factors VIIa, Va, tissue factor induced uniform plasma clotting. SC disappeared after high-speed centrifugation. However, phospholipid supplementation of centrifuged plasma returned them at least partially in 5 out of 22 patients' plasmas, indicating some other role of microparticles than providing phospholipid surface. Circulating procoagulant microparticles isolated from plasma directly activated factor XII in buffer and in diluted plasma. Flow cytometry revealed an increase in procoagulant microparticles in patients' plasmas with SC.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest that combination of circulating active factors (specifically, factors IXa and XIa) with circulating procoagulant and contact-pathway-activating microparticles is the predominant mechanism causing spontaneous clotting in patient plasma.

PMID:
24498168
PMCID:
PMC3909194
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0087692
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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