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Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2014 Mar;14(1):147-60. doi: 10.3758/s13415-013-0244-9.

Neural effects of short-term training on working memory.

Author information

1
MIND Research Institute, Irvine, CA, USA, mbuschkuehl@mindresearch.net.

Abstract

Working memory training has been the focus of intense research interest. Despite accumulating behavioral work, knowledge about the neural mechanisms underlying training effects is scarce. Here, we show that 7 days of training on an n-back task led to substantial performance improvements in the trained task; furthermore, the experimental group showed cross-modal transfer, as compared with an active control group. In addition, there were two neural effects that emerged as a function of training: first, increased perfusion during task performance in selected regions, reflecting a neural response to cope with high task demand; second, increased blood flow at rest in regions where training effects were apparent. We also found that perfusion at rest was correlated with task proficiency, probably reflecting an improved neural readiness to perform. Our findings are discussed within the context of the available neuroimaging literature on n-back training.

PMID:
24496717
PMCID:
PMC4058299
DOI:
10.3758/s13415-013-0244-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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