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Development. 2014 Feb;141(4):752-60. doi: 10.1242/dev.097386.

How to make an intestine.

Author information

1
Division of Developmental Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.

Abstract

With the high prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders, there is great interest in establishing in vitro models of human intestinal disease and in developing drug-screening platforms that more accurately represent the complex physiology of the intestine. We will review how recent advances in developmental and stem cell biology have made it possible to generate complex, three-dimensional, human intestinal tissues in vitro through directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells. These are currently being used to study human development, genetic forms of disease, intestinal pathogens, metabolic disease and cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Directed differentiation; Embryonic stem cells; Gastrointestinal disease; Gut tube; Intestinal morphogenesis; Pluripotent stem cells

PMID:
24496613
PMCID:
PMC3912826
DOI:
10.1242/dev.097386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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