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Psychiatry Res. 2014 Mar 30;215(3):554-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.018. Epub 2014 Jan 18.

Demographic features and premorbid personality disorder traits in relation to age of onset and sex in paranoid schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Patras, School of Medicine, University of Patras, University Campus, 26504 Rio, Patras, Greece. Electronic address: mskokou@upatras.gr.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Patras, School of Medicine, University of Patras, University Campus, 26504 Rio, Patras, Greece. Electronic address: pgourzis@upatras.gr.

Abstract

Personality disorders in the premorbid period of schizophrenia and particularly in relation to age of onset and sex, seem to be a rather under-researched area. In the present study, 88 patients with paranoid schizophrenia were examined, regarding demographic characteristics and premorbid personality disorder traits, in order to investigate for differences in the premorbid period of the disease, in relation to age of onset and sex. Age cutoff points were set at <30 years and ≥35 years of age for young and late onset groups, respectively. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-Patient Edition for Axis I disorders (SCID-P) was used prospectively for diagnoses. Premorbid personality disorder traits were retrospectively assessed by using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-Patient Edition for Axis II disorders (SCID-II). Comparisons were performed by applying the two-tailed Wilcoxon rank-sum and the χ(2) statistical tests. Young onset patients were characterized by significantly higher proportion of urban birth, single status, more avoidant premorbid personality disorder traits, and less passive-aggressive premorbid personality disorder traits, than late onset counterparts. Differences were more prominently shown in men. Earlier age of onset seems to be associated to increased social inhibition and worse psychosocial adaptation in the premorbid period of paranoid schizophrenia.

KEYWORDS:

Avoidant; Dimension; Late-onset; Negative; Psychosis; Urban; Young-onset

PMID:
24495576
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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