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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2014 Feb 1;4(2). pii: a015222. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a015222.

Sweat gland progenitors in development, homeostasis, and wound repair.

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1
Laboratory of Mammalian Cell Biology and Development, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065.

Abstract

The human body is covered with several million sweat glands. These tiny coiled tubular skin appendages produce the sweat that is our primary source of cooling and hydration of the skin. Numerous studies have been published on their morphology and physiology. Until recently, however, little was known about how glandular skin maintains homeostasis and repairs itself after tissue injury. Here, we provide a brief overview of sweat gland biology, including newly identified reservoirs of stem cells in glandular skin and their activation in response to different types of injuries. Finally, we discuss how the genetics and biology of glandular skin has advanced our knowledge of human disorders associated with altered sweat gland activity.

PMID:
24492848
PMCID:
PMC3904096
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a015222
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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