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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2014 Feb 28;445(1):145-50. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.01.142. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Genetic regulation of MUC1 expression by Helicobacter pylori in gastric cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.
2
Department of Physiology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address: elillehoj@peds.umaryland.edu.

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach is associated with the development of gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinomas, but the mechanisms are unknown. MUC1 is aberrantly overexpressed by more than 50% of stomach cancers, but its role in carcinogenesis remains to be defined. The current studies were undertaken to identify the genetic mechanisms regulating H. pylori-dependent MUC1 expression by gastric epithelial cells. Treatment of AGS cells with H. pylori increased MUC1 mRNA and protein levels, and augmented MUC1 gene promoter activity, compared with untreated cells. H. pylori increased binding of STAT3 and MUC1 itself to the MUC1 gene promoter within a region containing a STAT3 binding site, and decreased CpG methylation of the MUC1 promoter proximal to the STAT3 binding site, compared with untreated cells. These results suggest that H. pylori upregulates MUC1 expression in gastric cancer cells through STAT3 and CpG hypomethylation.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Methylation; Mucin; Promoter; STAT3

PMID:
24491543
PMCID:
PMC3964589
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.01.142
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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