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Ann Thorac Surg. 1988 Feb;45(2):122-8.

Palliative reconstructive surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

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Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104.


From August, 1985, through August, 1987, 104 consecutive, nonselected neonates underwent palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The technique included pulmonary artery homograft augmentation of the diminutive ascending aorta and aortic arch, atrial septectomy, transection of the main pulmonary artery with patch closure of the distal main pulmonary artery, anastomosis of the proximal main pulmonary artery to the augmented ascending aorta, and a 4-mm, modified, right Blalock-Taussig (N = 21) or central (N = 83) shunt. There were 30 early and 11 late deaths. Early mortality was most commonly associated with hypoventilation. Complications included development of aortic arch obstruction (N = 11) and progressive hypoxemia (N = 11). Alterations in surgical techniques and perioperative management should permit continued improvement in early and long-term survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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