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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Feb;106(2):djt378. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djt378.

Crizotinib in advanced, chemoresistant anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive lymphoma patients.

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1
Affiliations of authors: Department of Health Sciences, University Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy (CGP, FF, AS, SR, MC, LMo, CM, LA, RP); Hematology Unit (CGP) and Nuclear Medicine and PET Unit (CM, LG), San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; M Tettamanti Research Center, Pediatric Clinic University of Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy (GG); Medical Genetics Laboratory, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy (ES); Istituto di Ricerca Pediatrico Fondazione Città della Speranza, Pediatric Clinic University of Padova, Padova, Italy (LMu); H.-Hartziekenhuis Roeselare-Menen vzw, Roeselare, Belgium (DD); Trillium Health Centre, Mississauga Site, Mississauga ON, Canada (MHK); Division of Hematology and Oncology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria (MS); Medizinische Fakultät Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany (RO); Hematology Institute, Beilinson Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel (AMC); Department of Haematology and Internal Oncology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany (MG); Hematology/Stem Cell Transplantation, Maisonneuve Rosemont/University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada (LB); School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (GC).

Abstract

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lymphomas respond to chemotherapy, but relapses, which bear a poor prognosis, occur. Crizotinib inhibits ALK in vitro and in vivo and was administered as monotherapy to 11 ALK+ lymphoma patients who were resistant/refractory to cytotoxic therapy. The overall response rate was 10 of 11 (90.9%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 58.7% to 99.8%). Disease status at the latest follow-up is as follows: four patients are in complete response (CR) (months >21, >30, >35, >40) under continuous crizotinib administration; 4 patients had progression of disease (months 1, 2, 2, 2); 1 patient obtained CR on crizotinib, received an allogeneic bone marrow transplant, and is in CR; 2 patients (treated before and/or after allogeneic bone marrow transplant) obtained and are still in CR but they have stopped crizotinib. Overall and progression-free survival rates at 2 years are 72.7% (95% CI = 39.1% to 94.0%) and 63.7% (95% CI = 30.8% to 89.1%), respectively. ALK mutations conferring resistance to crizotinib in vitro could be identified in relapsed patients. Crizotinib exerted a potent antitumor activity with durable responses in advanced, heavily pretreated ALK+ lymphoma patients, with a benign safety profile.

PMID:
24491302
DOI:
10.1093/jnci/djt378
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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