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Music Ther Perspect. 2009 Jan 1;27(1):42-47.

A Tool for Music Preference Assessment in Critically Ill Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilatory Support.

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School of Nursing at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Center for Spirituality and Healing at the University of Minnesota.


Music is an ideal intervention to reduce anxiety and promote relaxation in critically ill patients. This article reviews the research studies on music-listening interventions to manage distressful symptoms in this population, and describes the development and implementation of the Music Assessment Tool (MAT) to assist professionals in ascertaining patients' music preferences in the challenging, dynamic clinical environment of the intensive care unit (ICU). The MAT is easy to use with these patients who experience profound communication challenges due to fatigue and inability to speak because of endotracheal tube placement. The music therapist and ICU nursing staff are encouraged to work collaboratively to implement music in a personalized manner to ensure the greatest benefit for mechanically ventilated patients.

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