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Inflamm Res. 2014 Jun;63(6):429-39. doi: 10.1007/s00011-014-0715-7. Epub 2014 Feb 1.

p-Synephrine suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury by inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway.

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Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, 130062, People's Republic of China.



We investigated whether p-synephrine exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects against acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vivo, and we further investigated the inhibitory mechanism of p-synephrine in LPS-induced ALI.


Lipopolysaccharide (0.5 mg/kg) was instilled intranasally in phosphate-buffered saline to induce acute lung injury, and 6, 24, and 48 h after LPS was given, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was obtained to measure pro-inflammatory mediator. We also evaluated the effects of p-synephrine on LPS-induced the severity of pulmonary injury. The phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 protein was analyzed by Western blotting.


Our data showed that p-synephrine significantly reduced the amount of inflammatory cells, the lung wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio, reactive oxygen species, myeloperoxidase activity and enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) in mice with LPS-induced ALI. Tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations decreased significantly while the concentration of IL-10 was significantly increased after p-synephrine pretreatment. In addition, p-synephrine suppressed not only the phosphorylation of NF-κB but also the degradation of its inhibitor (IκBα).


These results suggested that the inhibition of NF-κB activation and the regulation of SOD are involved in the mechanism of p-synephrine's protection against ALI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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