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Neurosci Lett. 2014 Mar 20;563:85-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2014.01.034. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

AP4M1 is abnormally expressed in oxygen-glucose deprived hippocampal neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, East Jianshe Road 1, Zhengzhou 450052, PR China. Electronic address: zhangj090918@sina.com.
2
Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, East Jianshe Road 1, Zhengzhou 450052, PR China. Electronic address: chengxy188@163.com.
3
Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, East Jianshe Road 1, Zhengzhou 450052, PR China. Electronic address: shenggy2959@126.com.

Abstract

AP4M1 mutations have been suggested to be associated with autosomal recessive cerebral palsy syndrome. But the pathogenic mechanism remains uncertain. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and how AP4M1 expression is changed in injured neurons. Primary cultured hippocampal neurons were prepared for this experiment. They were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) leading to apoptosis, mimicking brain ischemia. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was labeled immunofluorescently to confirm that the purity of neuron was higher than 90%. Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the gene expression. AP4M1 was labeled with MAP2 or Tau-1 to observe the distribution. We found that the AP4M1 protein levels immediately after the procedure were similar between the OGD group and the sham group. However, down-regulation was observed 12h after the reperfusion, and became more notable at 24h. The real-time PCR showed similar results, except that the down-regulation of mRNA was able to be detected immediately after the OGD. Immunofluorescent labeling revealed AP4M1 distributed in the dendrites of normal neurons, but it redistributed to the axons after the OGD procedure. In conclusion, AP4M1 is not only down-regulated at both the mRNA and protein levels, but also redistributed from dendrites to axons in oxygen-glucose deprived hippocampal neurons.

KEYWORDS:

AMPA receptor; AP4M1; Neuronal apoptosis; OGD

PMID:
24486887
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2014.01.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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