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Carcinogenesis. 2014 Aug;35(8):1717-25. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu025. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

SHP2E76K mutant promotes lung tumorigenesis in transgenic mice.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Division of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida.
2
Small Animal Modeling and Imaging Core and.
3
Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute.
4
Division of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Department of Thoracic Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Department of Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine and.
5
Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Division of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Department of Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine and.
6
Department of Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine and Department of Anatomic Pathology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
7
Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Division of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Department of Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine and jerry.wu@moffitt.org.

Abstract

Lung cancer is a major disease carrying heterogeneous molecular lesions and many of them remain to be analyzed functionally in vivo. Gain-of-function (GOF) SHP2 (PTPN11) mutations have been found in various types of human cancer, including lung cancer. However, the role of activating SHP2 mutants in lung cancer has not been established. We generated transgenic mice containing a doxycycline (Dox)-inducible activating SHP2 mutant (tetO-SHP2(E76K)) and analyzed the role of SHP2(E76K) in lung tumorigenesis in the Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP)-reverse tetracycline transactivator (rtTA)/tetO-SHP2(E76K) bitransgenic mice. SHP2(E76K) activated Erk1/Erk2 (Erk1/2) and Src, and upregulated c-Myc and Mdm2 in the lungs of bitransgenic mice. Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and small adenomas were observed in CCSP-rtTA/tetO-SHP2(E76K) bitransgenic mice induced with Dox for 2-6 months and progressed to larger adenoma and adenocarcinoma by 9 months. Dox withdrawal from bitransgenic mice bearing magnetic resonance imaging-detectable lung tumors resulted in tumor regression. These results show that the activating SHP2 mutant promotes lung tumorigenesis and that the SHP2 mutant is required for tumor maintenance in this mouse model of non-small cell lung cancer. SHP2(E76K) was associated with Gab1 in the lung of transgenic mice. Elevated pGab1 was observed in the lung of Dox-induced CCSP-rtTA/tetO-SHP2(E76K) mice and in cell lines expressing SHP2(E76K), indicating that the activating SHP2 mutant autoregulates tyrosine phosphorylation of its own docking protein. Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation is sensitive to inhibition by the Src inhibitor dasatinib in GOF SHP2-mutant-expressing cells, suggesting that Src family kinases are involved in SHP2 mutant-induced Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation.

PMID:
24480804
PMCID:
PMC4123642
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/bgu025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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