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Vet Surg. 2014 Oct;43(7):765-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12154.x. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

Theory and development of a unicompartmental resurfacing system for treatment of medial compartment disease of the canine elbow.

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1
Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.

Abstract

Medial compartment disease (MCompD) of the canine elbow can be defined as clinical signs attributable to articular cartilage loss of the medial coronoid process (MCP) of the ulna and medial aspect of the humeral condyle without significant lateral compartment pathology. Whereas outcomes associated with treatment of defined cohorts of dogs with MCompD have not been published, the impressions of many surgeons are that non-surgical management or surgical treatment of the MCP alone does not result in long term highly functional outcomes. Thus, alternative surgical options for treatment of MCompD have been developed including various osteotomies and total elbow replacement (TER) with "successful" outcomes reported in case series. Results and data on safety have been reported for relatively few of these procedures and when reported, major complication rates have been >10% and catastrophic complications have been reported. Accordingly, we sought to develop a surgical technique with the objective of obtaining higher levels of safety and efficacy in the treatment of dogs with MCompD. This report describes the rationale for, and development of, a unicompartmental resurfacing system for treatment of MCompD in the canine elbow.

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