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Blood. 2014 Mar 13;123(11):1658-64. doi: 10.1182/blood-2013-07-512657. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma: a report from the German Hodgkin Study Group.

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First Department of Internal Medicine.


Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes (t-AML/MDS) represent severe late effects in patients treated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Because more recent data are scarce, we retrospectively analyzed incidence, outcome, and risk factors for the development of t-AML/MDS after HL. A total of 11,952 patients treated for newly diagnosed HL within German Hodgkin Study Group trials between 1993 and 2009 were considered. At a median follow-up of 72 months, t-AML/MDS was diagnosed in 106/11,952 patients (0.9%). Median time from HL treatment to t-AML/MDS was 31 months. The median age of patients with t-AML/MDS was higher than in the whole patient group (43 vs 34 years, P < .0001). Patients who received 4 or more cycles of BEACOPP(escalated) had an increased risk to develop t-AML/MDS when compared with patients treated with less than 4 cycles of BEACOPP(escalated) or no BEACOPP chemotherapy (1.7% vs 0.7% vs 0.3%, P < .0001). The median overall survival (OS) for all t-AML/MDS patients was 7.2 months. However, t-AML/MDS patients proceeding to allogeneic stem cell transplantation had a significantly better outcome with a median OS not reached after a median follow-up of 41 months (P < .001).

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