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Hum Exp Toxicol. 2014 Sep;33(9):956-67. doi: 10.1177/0960327113504974. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

Silver and zinc oxide nanostructures loaded on activated carbon as new adsorbents for removal of methylene green: a comparative study.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Islamic Republic of Iran m_ghaedi@mail.yu.ac.ir.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Islamic Republic of Iran.
3
Department of Chemistry, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Abstract

In this study, the removal of methylene green (MG) from aqueous solution based on two new adsorbents including silver nanoparticles and zinc oxide nanorods loaded on activated carbon (Ag-NP-AC and ZnO-NR-AC, respectively) has been carried out. The dependency of removal process to variables such as contact time, pH, amount of adsorbents, and initial MG concentration were examined and optimized. It was found that the maximum MG removal percentage was achieved at pH = 7.0 following stirring at 400 r min(-1) for 7 and 6 min for Ag-NP-AC and ZnO-NR-AC, respectively. Equilibrium data were well fitted with the Langmuir model having maximum adsorption capacity of 166.7 and 200 mg g(-1) for Ag-NP-AC and ZnO-NR-AC, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters of MG adsorption on Ag-NP-AC such as enthalpy and entropy changes, activation energy, sticking probability, and Gibbs free energy changes show the spontaneous and endothermic nature of the removal process. Among different conventional kinetic models, the pseudo second-order kinetics in addition to particle diffusion mechanism is the best and efficient model for the prediction and explanation of experimental data of MG adsorption onto both adsorbents.

KEYWORDS:

Methylene green (MG); Zinc oxide nanorods loaded on activated carbon (ZnO-NR-AC); isotherm; kinetic; silver nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (Ag-NP-AC); thermodynamic

PMID:
24477862
DOI:
10.1177/0960327113504974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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