Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cardiovasc Interv Ther. 2014 Jul;29(3):209-15. doi: 10.1007/s12928-014-0245-9. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Safety margin of minimized contrast volume during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Author information

Department of Cardiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.


Maximum allowable contrast dose (MACD) calculated as body weight × 5/serum creatinine has been a standard contrast dye volume (CV) used to decrease contrast-induced acute kidney injury. Recent advances in intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can dramatically minimize CV. The safe threshold when using an extremely low-dose CV is unknown. This study was designed as a multicenter, retrospective study of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 ml/min/1.73 m(2) undergoing elective PCI. We divided the patients into three groups according to following criteria: (1) low dose, CV/eGFR ratio <1.0; (2) medium dose, CV/eGFR ratio ≥1 and <MACD; and (3) high dose, CV ≥MACD. A total of 100 patients were enrolled. Average age was 74 ± 8 years, 64 % were male and 48 % were diabetic. Mean baseline eGFR was 22.8 ± 6.0 ml/min/1.73 m(2). CV in the three groups was 15 ± 6 ml (n = 18), 69 ± 39 ml (n = 47) and 224 ± 99 ml (n = 35), respectively. The incidences of CI-AKI were 0, 11 and 23 %, respectively (p = 0.02). All-cause death or introduction of maintenance hemodialysis at 1 year was 0, 13.8 and 31 %, respectively (p = 0.01). Extreme reduction of CV to a CV/eGFR ratio <1.0 may reduce CI-AKI and achieve better clinical outcomes following PCI in patients with severe CKD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center