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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2014 Apr;46(4):273-82. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmt155. Epub 2014 Jan 27.

Role of plasma membrane lipid composition on cellular homeostasis: learning from cell line models expressing fatty acid desaturases.

Author information

1
Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de La Plata (INIBIOLP), La Plata 1900, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Experimental evidence has suggested that plasma membrane (PM)-associated signaling and hence cell metabolism and viability depend on lipid composition and organization. The aim of the present work is to develop a cell model to study the endogenous polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) effect on PM properties and analyze its influence on cholesterol (Chol) homeostasis. We have previously shown that by using a cell line over-expressing stearoyl-CoA-desaturase, membrane composition and organization coordinate cellular pathways involved in Chol efflux and cell viability by different mechanisms. Now, we expanded our studies to a cell model over-expressing both Δ5 and Δ6 desaturases, which resulted in a permanently higher PUFA content in PM. Furthermore, this cell line showed increased PM fluidity, Chol storage, and mitochondrial activity. In addition, human apolipoprotein A-I-mediated Chol removal was less efficient in these cells than in the corresponding control. Taken together, our results suggested that the cell functionality is preserved by regulating PM organization and Chol exportation and homeostasis.

KEYWORDS:

cholesterol transport; cytotoxicity; fatty acid desaturases; human apolipoprotein A-I; membrane heterogeneity

PMID:
24473084
PMCID:
PMC3967655
DOI:
10.1093/abbs/gmt155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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