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Maturitas. 2014 Mar;77(3):229-38. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.12.009. Epub 2014 Jan 5.

Pheochromocytoma: a review.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, United States.
2
Department of Endocrinology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, United States. Electronic address: Rajeev.sharma@downstate.edu.

Abstract

Pheochromocytomas are catecholamine producing neuroendocrine tumors that can be adrenal or extra-adrenal in origin. The classic symptoms of pheochromocytoma are headache, palpitation, anxiety and diaphoresis and the tumor can occur at any age with equal gender distribution. In patients with an established mutation or hereditary syndrome the condition may manifest at a younger age than in those with sporadic disease. Pheochromocytoma can be associated with certain genetic syndromes such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2), neurofibromatosis (NF) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. Pheochromocytoma is diagnosed with biochemical confirmation of hormonal excess followed by anatomical localization (CT or MRI). The mainstay of definitive therapy is surgical resection. In this review, we discuss in detail about the symptomatology, diagnosis, genetic aspects and management of pheochromocytoma.

KEYWORDS:

Adrenal gland; Catecholamines; Paraganglioma; Pheochromocytoma

PMID:
24472290
DOI:
10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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