Send to

Choose Destination
Histochemistry. 1987;87(6):511-5.

Immunohistochemical demonstration of vitronectin in association with elastin and amyloid deposits in human kidney.

Author information

Department of Dermatology, University of Lund, University Hospital, Sweden.


The multifunctional glycoprotein vitronectin, also called serum spreading factor and S-protein of complement, is a potent inducer of cell adhesion and spreading in vitro, and also has a regulatory function in the complement and coagulation pathways. It is present both in plasma and tissue. Recently, vitronectin immunoreactivity was demonstrated in the elastic fibres of normal human skin. Normal and amyloid kidney tissue was investigated for vitronectin immunoreactivity using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies in an avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique and in an alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase complex technique. Vitronectin was found in the elastic layers of normal vessel walls, and in glomerular sclerotic lesions in cases of benign nephrosclerosis, but not in normal glomeruli. Strong specific vitronectin immunoreactivity was found in the amyloid deposits in kidneys from cases with amyloid A type amyloidosis, and in cases with amyloid light chain type amyloidosis. Structures immunostainable with anti-amyloid A antiserum were invariably immunostainable with anti-vitronectin. An antiserum against serum amyloid P component stained the same structures as did the anti-vitronectin antibodies, and in addition stained normal glomerular basement membranes. In conclusion, vitronectin immunoreactivity was demonstrated in elastic tissue, in amyloid deposits and in sclerotic lesions in human kidney.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center