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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Mar 13;501(3):488-98.

The mechanism of the control of carbon fixation by the pH in the chloroplast stroma. Studies with nitrite-mediated proton transfer across the envelope.

Abstract

1. CO2 fixation of intact spinach chloroplasts is inhibited by nitrite in a pH-dependent mode. At pH 7.3 in the medium 1 mM NaNO2 and at pH 7.9 5 mM NaNO2 were required for 50% inhibition. 2. The addition of nitrite leads to an acidificiation in the stroma. It appears that nitrite renders the envelope permeable for protons resulting in a breakdown of the pH gradient between the external space and the stroma. 3. In view of earlier results on the pH sensitivity of C02 fixation it is concluded that this pH shift in the stroma is responsible for the observed inhibition of CO2 fixation by nitrite. 4. Octanoate and to some extent also high concentrations of bicarbonate and acetate have a similar effect as nitrite in inhibiting CO2 fixation through an acidification in the stroma. 5. The levels of the intermediates of the CO2 fixation cycle were measured. A strong rise of the levels of fructose- and sedoheptulose biphosphates and a concomitant decrease of the corresponding monophosphates was observed during inhibition of CO2 fixation. It appears that the enzymatic steps of the CO2 fixation cycle responsible for the overall inhibition of CO2 fixation caused by lowering of the H+ concentration in the stroma are fructose- and sedopheptulose bisphosphatase. These two enzymes have an important function in the light regulation of CO2 fixation.

PMID:
24470
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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