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Can J Cardiol. 2014 Mar;30(3):272-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2013.09.022. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Heart failure clinics are still useful (more than ever?).

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Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address:
Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Cardiology UHL, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.


Heart failure (HF) clinics have had an important role in optimal HF management and the effectiveness of these clinics has been studied intensively. A HF clinic is one of the various ways to organize a HF disease management program. There is good evidence that HF disease management can improve outcomes in HF patients, but it is not clear what the optimal components of these programs are and what the relative effectiveness of a HF clinic is compared with other forms of HF management. After initial positive reports on the effect of HF clinics, these clinics were implemented in many countries, although in different formats and of varying quality. In this article we describe the initial need for HF clinics, reflect on their development over time, and discuss the role of HF clinics in context of the current need for HF disease management.

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