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Brain Pathol. 2014 Jul;24(4):352-9. doi: 10.1111/bpa.12128. Epub 2014 Mar 16.

IgG4 overexpression is rare in meningiomas with a prominent inflammatory component: a review of 16 cases.

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Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.


Meningiomas with prominent inflammation are traditionally classified as "lymphoplasmacyte-rich meningioma" (LPM). Both inflammatory and neoplastic meningeal proliferations have recently been linked to IgG4 disease, although a potential association with LPM has not been previously explored. Sixteen meningiomas with inflammatory cells outnumbering tumor cells were further characterized by CD3, CD20, CD68 and/or CD163, CD138, kappa, lambda, IgG and IgG4 immunostains. There were 11 female and 4 male patients, ranging from 22 to 78 (median 59) years of age. Tumors consisted of 10 World Health Organization (WHO) grade I, 5 grade II and 1 grade III LPMs. Immunohistochemically, the most numerous cell type was the macrophage in all cases followed by CD3-positive T cells and fewer CD20-positive B cells. Plasma cells ranged from moderate-marked (N = 5) to rare (N = 7), or absent (N = 4). Maximal numbers of IgG4 plasma cells per high power field (HPF) ranged from 0 to 32, with only two cases having counts exceeding 10/HPF. The IgG4/IgG ratio was increased focally in only two cases (30% and 31%). Additionally, plasma cells represented only a minor component in most examples, whereas macrophages predominated, suggesting that "inflammation-rich meningioma" may be a more accurate term. The inflammatory stimulus for most cases remains to be elucidated.


IgG4; inflammation; lymphoplasmacyte rich; meningioma

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