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PLoS One. 2014 Jan 22;9(1):e85681. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085681. eCollection 2014.

Perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in intergroup contact.

Author information

1
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America.
2
Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore.
3
London Business School, London, United Kingdom.
4
Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America.

Abstract

The current research explored whether perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with stereotyped outgroup members. Across three studies, we find that perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with negatively-stereotyped targets. In Study 1, perspective-takers sat closer to, whereas stereotype suppressors sat further from, a hooligan compared to control participants. In Study 2, individual differences in perspective-taking tendencies predicted individuals' willingness to engage in contact with a hooligan, having effects above and beyond those of empathic concern. Finally, Study 3 demonstrated that perspective-taking's effects on intergroup contact extend to the target's group (i.e., another homeless man), but not to other outgroups (i.e., a man of African descent). Consistent with other perspective-taking research, our findings show that perspective-taking facilitates the creation of social bonds by increasing contact with stereotyped outgroup members.

PMID:
24465648
PMCID:
PMC3899073
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0085681
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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