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PLoS One. 2014 Jan 21;9(1):e85258. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085258. eCollection 2014.

Low-molecular weight heparin increases circulating sFlt-1 levels and enhances urinary elimination.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine and Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
3
Department of Biochemistry, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
4
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
5
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Preeclampsia is a devastating medical complication of pregnancy which leads to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. While the etiology of preeclampsia is unclear, human and animal studies suggest that excessive circulating levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine-kinase-1 (sFlt-1), an alternatively spliced variant of VEGF-receptor1, contribute to the signs and symptoms of preeclampsia. Since sFlt-1 binds to heparin and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, we hypothesized that the anticoagulant heparin, which is often used in pregnancy, may interfere with the levels, distribution and elimination of sFlt-1 in vivo.

OBJECTIVE:

We systematically determined serum and urine levels of angiogenic factors in preeclamptic women before and after administration of low molecular weight heparin and further characterized the interaction with heparin in biochemical studies.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Serum and urine samples were used to measure sFlt-1 levels before and after heparin administration. Serum levels of sFlt-1 increased by 25% after heparin administration in pregnant women. The magnitude of the increase in circulating sFlt-1 correlated with initial sFlt-1 serum levels. Urinary sFlt-1 levels were also elevated following heparin administration and levels of elimination were dependent on the underlying integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier. Biochemical binding studies employing cation exchange chromatography revealed that heparin bound sFlt-1 had decreased affinity to negatively charged surfaces when compared to sFlt-1 alone.

CONCLUSION:

Low molecular weight heparin administration increased circulating sFlt1 levels and enhanced renal elimination. We provide evidence that both effects may be due to heparin binding to sFlt1 and masking the positive charges on sFlt1 protein.

PMID:
24465515
PMCID:
PMC3897409
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0085258
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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