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J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2014 May;25(5):1275-82. doi: 10.1007/s10856-014-5148-x. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Endothelial tubes form from intracellular vacuoles in implanted biomaterial in vivo of rat.

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School of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215021, China,


When the porous biomaterials are used to implant in vivo of animal for repairing wound, the angiogenesis in microenvironment of porous biomaterial is a key process in order to achieve the goal of treatment. While clarifying the process of vascularization and its mechanism is of great significance for design and development of medical biomaterials. In this area, it is noted that the endothelial tubes of new capillaries are formed by intracellular vacuoles, which has been proved in vitro model of angiogenesis. However, there is still no conclusive evidence in vivo model for mammals. By experimental tracking and observation of angiogenesis in the biomaterials implanted in rats, the angiogenesis process and the characteristics were explored. This study focused on the behavior of endothelial cell (EC)s and the capillary lumen formatting from EC cord in sprouting. Through marking and observing the ECs, the experimental evidences of angiogenesis after implanted materials into rats were obtained, which including various stages, such as rapidly proliferating of ECs, assembling of ECs to build up cell cord and vacuoles formation in ECs. An important mechanism of lumen formation for mammal in vivo was proved, which complemented the experimental results of the assembly of endothelial tubes in vivo through the formation and fusion of vacuoles for transgenic zebrafish. Our results provide support for the model of lumen formation of new capillary in mammal.

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