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J Emerg Med. 2014 Jul;47(1):15-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.09.034. Epub 2014 Jan 21.

Case report of electronic cigarettes possibly associated with eosinophilic pneumonitis in a previously healthy active-duty sailor.

Author information

1
Emergency Department, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a technology that has been touted as a safe and effective alternative to traditional cigarettes. There is, however, a paucity of literature showing the adverse outcomes of e-cigarettes and a correlation with acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP).

OBJECTIVE:

To present a possible association between e-cigarettes and AEP.

CASE REPORT:

A 20-year-old previously healthy man was found to develop AEP after smoking an e-cigarette. He was treated with antibiotics and steroids and his symptoms improved.

CONCLUSION:

Though an alternative to traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes can have unpredictable and potentially serious adverse effects. More research needs to be conducted to determine their safety. If seeing a patient in the ED with pulmonary symptoms after use of e-cigarettes, AEP should be considered in the differential.

KEYWORDS:

cigarette; electronic; eosinophilic; pneumonitis; smoking

PMID:
24462024
DOI:
10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.09.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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