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Sleep Med. 2014 Mar;15(3):303-8. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2013.08.801. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Sleep architecture in school-aged children with primary snoring.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong. Electronic address: jodiezy@163.com.
2
Department of Paediatrics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to examine if sleep architecture was altered in school-aged children with primary snoring (PS).

METHODS:

Children ages 6 to 13 years from 13 primary schools were randomly recruited. A validated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening questionnaire was completed by their parents. Children at high risk for OSA and a randomly chosen low-risk group were invited to undergo overnight polysomnography (PSG) and clinical examination. Participants were classified into healthy controls, PS, mild OSA, and moderate to severe OSA (MS OSA) groups for comparison.

RESULTS:

A total of 619 participants underwent PSG (mean age, 10.0 ± 1.8 years; 396 (64.0%) boys; 524 (84.7%) prepubertal). For the cohort as a whole, there were no significant differences in measures of sleep architecture between PS and nonsnoring healthy controls. In the multiple regression model, percentage of nonrapid eye movement (NREM) stage 1 (N1) sleep had a significantly positive association, whereas percentage of slow-wave sleep (SWS) had a significantly negative association with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) severity after controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI) z score, and pubertal status. In prepubertal children with PS, no significant disruption of sleep architecture was found. However, pubertal adolescent PS participants had significantly higher adjusted percentage of N1 sleep and wake after sleep onset (WASO) compared to healthy controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

PS did not exert significant adverse influences on normal sleep architecture in prepubertal school-aged children. Nevertheless, pubertal adolescents with PS had increased N1 sleep and WASO.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Primary snoring; Sleep apnea; Sleep architecture; Sleep stage; Snoring

PMID:
24461933
DOI:
10.1016/j.sleep.2013.08.801
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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