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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Mar 15;418:254-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.12.020. Epub 2013 Dec 14.

Comparison of aluminum modified natural materials in the removal of fluoride ions.

Author information

1
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Depto. de Química. Apdo., Postal 18-1027, 11801 México, DF, Mexico; Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Km. 14.5, Carretera Toluca-Ixtlahuaca, Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico.
2
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Depto. de Química. Apdo., Postal 18-1027, 11801 México, DF, Mexico. Electronic address: marcos.solache@inin.gob.mx.
3
Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Km. 14.5, Carretera Toluca-Ixtlahuaca, Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico.

Abstract

The removal behaviors of fluoride ions from aqueous solutions and drinking water by aluminum modified hematite, zeolitic tuff and calcite were determined. Drinking water containing naturally 8.29 mg of fluoride ions per liter was characterized. The hematite, zeolitic tuff and calcite were aluminum modified by an electrochemical method. The effects of contact time and the dose of adsorbent were determined. The PZC (point of zero charge) values for aluminum modified hematite, zeolitic tuff and calcite were 6.2, 5.8 and 8.4, respectively. Adsorption kinetic data were best fitted to pseudo-second-order and Elovich models and equilibrium data to Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm model. The highest fluoride sorption capacities (10.25 and 1.16 mg/g for aqueous solutions and drinking water respectively) were obtained for aluminum modified zeolite with an adsorbent dosage of 10 g/L and an initial F(-) concentration of 9 and 8.29 mg/L for aqueous solutions and drinking water respectively (the final concentrations were 0.08 and 0.7 mg/L respectively). The main mechanism involved in the adsorption of fluoride ions is chemisorption on heterogeneous materials according to the results obtained by fitting the data to kinetic and isotherm models respectively. Aluminum modified zeolitic tuff showed the best characteristics for the removal of fluoride ions from water.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Calcite; Fluoride; Hematite; Zeolitic tuff

PMID:
24461843
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcis.2013.12.020

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