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Vet J. 2014 Mar;199(3):382-6. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.11.026. Epub 2013 Dec 2.

Relevance of ovarian follicular development to the seasonal impairment of fertility in weaned sows.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Animal Surgery, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia 30100, Spain.
2
Department of Medicine and Animal Surgery, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia 30100, Spain. Electronic address: roca@um.es.

Abstract

A field study was conducted to estimate seasonal differences in follicular development in weaned sows and to evaluate the implication of these differences on seasonal infertility. A total of 110 sows were selected at weaning during winter-spring (WS, n=58) and summer-autumn (SA, n=52). Ovaries were scanned once daily from weaning to the onset of oestrus and twice daily from then until ovulation. Six sows during WS were removed from study for not showing growing follicles at weaning. Oestrus was evaluated twice daily from day 1 after weaning to day 14 post-weaning. One of 52 (1.9%) sows in WS and 9/52 (17.3%) in SA showed no signs of oestrus within 14 days of weaning (P<0.05). The diameters of the follicles at weaning, at the onset of oestrus and just before ovulation were smaller (P<0.01) in SA sows than in WS sows. There were fewer follicles in SA sows than in WS sows just before ovulation (P<0.05). Fifty of 51 (98.0%) sows in WS and 31/43 (72.1%) sows in SA experienced a weaning-to-oestrus interval (WOI) of 3-6 days (P<0.05). Fifty-one of 52 (98.1%) sows in WS and 43/52 (82.7%) sows in SA were inseminated; the percentage of pregnant sows that failed to farrow was lower in WS (1/51, 2.0%) than in SA (5/43, 11.6%; P<0.05). The percentage of farrowed sows was greater in WS (46/51, 90.2%) than in SA (32/43, 74.4%; P<0.05). Sows in WS had on average 1.5 more piglets than sows in SA (P<0.05). Sows with a WOI of 3-6 days had lower rates of pregnancy losses (P<0.05) and higher farrowing percentages (P<0.01) than those with a WOI>6 days, irrespective of season.

KEYWORDS:

Ovarian follicles; Pig; Seasonality; Ultrasonography; Weaning

PMID:
24461203
DOI:
10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.11.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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