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J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(9):1301-14. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2012.08.0138.

Depression and experience of vision loss in group of adults in rehabilitation setting: mixed-methods pilot study.

Author information

1
University of Deusto, Faculty of Psychology, Avenida de las Universidades 24, 48007 Bilbao, Spain. 23/Jan/2014 17:0123/Jan/2014 17:01 hugo_senra@hotmail.com.

Abstract

There is a paucity of literature regarding the relationship between the experience of vision loss and depression. Therefore, the current pilot study aimed to explore whether significant differences existed in levels of depression between adults with different vision loss experiences. A group of adults aged between 20 and 65 yr old with irreversible vision loss in a rehabilitation setting was interviewed. Semistructured interviews were conducted in order to explore patients' experience of vision loss. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depressive levels; 39.5% (n = 15) of patients met CES-D criteria for depression. In addition, higher levels of depression (p < 0.05) were identified in patients whose interviews revealed greater self-awareness of impairment, inadequate social support, and longer rehabilitation stay. Current findings draw attention to variables such as self-awareness of impairment and perceived social support and suggest that depression following vision loss may be related to patients' emotional experiences of impairment and adjustment processes.

KEYWORDS:

depression; experience; mixed-methods; qualitative; rehabilitation; self-awareness; self-identification; social support; vision loss; well-being

PMID:
24458969
DOI:
10.1682/JRRD.2012.08.0138
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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