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Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg. 2013;2013:mmt013. doi: 10.1093/mmcts/mmt013.

Primary cardiac tumours in the paediatric population.

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  • 1Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and GUCH Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.


Primary cardiac tumours are relatively rare in the paediatric population, and they may occur with different signs and symptoms in foetal or post-natal life. The clinical manifestations of cardiac tumours in foetal life may include arrhythmias, congestive heart failure and hydrops. In post-natal life, cardiac tumours may cause cyanosis, respiratory distress, myocardial dysfunction, valvular insufficiency, arrhythmias, inflow or outflow tract obstructions and sudden death. Surgical treatment is essential when symptoms are present, while the role of medical therapy can merely be palliative. Results are various and related to the patients' and tumour characteristics. Primary benign heart tumours mainly have a good prognosis, while malignant neoplasms usually have a poor prognosis; in both cases, however, a strict follow-up is always mandatory in order to detect the recurrence of cardiac neoplasms after surgery.


Cardiac tumours; Fibroma; Myxoma; Pericardial tumours; Rhabdomyoma; Survival

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