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Dig Dis Sci. 2014 Jun;59(6):1152-9. doi: 10.1007/s10620-013-3005-2. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Clinical impact of predicting CCND1 amplification using plasma DNA in superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

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  • 1Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kawaramachihirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, 602-8566, Japan,



This study was designed to evaluate the clinical benefit of predicting the cyclin D1 (CCND1) status using cell-free plasma DNA in superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients.


The ratio of the CCND1 (11q13) dosage to the DRD2 (11q22-23) dosage (C/D ratio) as the CCND1 copy number was evaluated. This study was divided into three steps: (1) demonstration of the feasibility, (2) evaluation of whether the plasma C/D ratio assay could monitor tumor dynamics, and (3) a validation study in 63 consecutive superficial ESCC (pTis-T1) patients and 40 healthy volunteers.


(1) The plasma C/D ratio was significantly higher (p = 0.0369) in superficial ESCC patients than in the controls in a preliminary test. (2) The high plasma C/D ratio appeared to reflect the tumor levels of the CCND1 status and was reduced in postoperative plasma samples (p = 0.1154) and samples following endoscopic resection (p = 0.0845). (3) Validation analysis revealed that the plasma C/D ratio was significantly higher in superficial ESCC patients than in controls (p < 0.0001). The frequency of recurrence was significantly higher (p = 0.0198), and recurrence-free survival was significantly shorter (p = 0.0075) in patients with a high plasma C/D ratio. Moreover, a high C/D ratio was shown to be an independent risk factor for recurrence on multivariate analysis [p = 0.0334; odds ratio 10.58 (range 1.203-93.23)].


The prediction of CCND1 amplification by plasma DNA may be a new complementary clinical biomarker for recurrence in patients with superficial ESCC.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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