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Addict Behav. 2014 Apr;39(4):761-7. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.12.013. Epub 2013 Dec 25.

At high risk and want to quit: marijuana use among adults with depression or serious psychological distress.

Author information

1
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, USA. Electronic address: yus001@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study compared marijuana use characteristics and quit behaviors between adults with and without depression or serious psychological distress (SPD).

METHODS:

Drawing data for 39,133 non-institutionalized adults from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we assessed marijuana use status, frequent use, dependence or abuse, and quit behaviors in association with lifetime clinician-identified depression, lifetime and recent major depressive episode (MDE), and recent SPD.

RESULTS:

Adults with depression or SPD were at a significantly higher risk of being lifetime ever users (OR=1.60-2.08), past year users (OR=1.67-1.86), frequent users (OR=1.40-1.62), and dependent or abusing users (OR=2.32-3.05) compared with adults without these symptoms. Adults with depression or SPD had a lower quit ratio overall, but were equally or even more likely to make quit or self-regulation attempts. Further analysis suggested that adults with recent MDE had the greatest level of quit attempts or self-regulation attempts compared with adults without MDE or with past MDE.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings highlight the need for tailored cessation programs to sustain quit attempts and promote successful quitting among adults with depression or SPD, especially those with recent symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Major depressive episode; Marijuana; Serious psychological distress

PMID:
24457899
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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