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Seizure. 2014 Mar;23(3):227-30. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2013.12.008. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

The association between periodontal disease and seizure severity in refractory epilepsy patients.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Neurology, UNICAMP (University of Campinas), Campinas, SP, Brazil; Department of Orthodontics, UNICID (University of São Paulo City), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: alfcosta@gmail.com.
2
Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Neurology, UNICAMP (University of Campinas), Campinas, SP, Brazil.
3
Department of Orthodontics, UNICID (University of São Paulo City), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Periodontal diseases are common in most populations and affect people at all socioeconomic levels. Evidence suggests that patients with epilepsy actually have higher risks of dental disease and increased oral health needs, but the frequency and consequences of poor controlled seizures on dental and periodontal health have not been reported before. We aimed to assess the impact of seizure frequency on periodontal status and oral hygiene in a sample of epilepsy patients.

METHODS:

One hundred and nine consecutive patients treated for epilepsy at the outpatient clinic of our University Hospital were invited to take part in an oral examination to determine their periodontal disease status, together with a control group. In addition, seizure frequency and use of medication were documented.

RESULTS:

In logistic regression model, patients were significantly more susceptible to bad oral hygiene, gingivitis and periodontitis that controls (p<0.001); seizure frequency was significantly related to bad oral hygiene (p=0.010), gingivitis (p<0.001) and periodontitis (p<0.001). Tooth brushing habits and presence of caries were associated with oral health in patients group.

CONCLUSION:

Our study found a significant positive correlation between periodontal disease and seizure severity. Epilepsy patients need to focus more on their oral health and quality of oral hygiene.

KEYWORDS:

Epilepsy; Gingivitis; Periodontitis; Risk factors

PMID:
24456623
DOI:
10.1016/j.seizure.2013.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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