Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Coll Health. 2014;62(2):81-90. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2013.847840.

The efficacy of incentives to motivate continued fitness-center attendance in college first-year students: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
a Food and Brand Lab, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management , Cornell University , Ithaca , New York.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether fitness-center attendance established with the provision of weekly monetary incentives persisted after the discontinuation, or decreased frequency, of incentives.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred seventeen first-year college students participated during the 2011-2012 academic year.

METHODS:

A randomized controlled trial with control, discontinued-incentive, and continued-incentive conditions was conducted. During fall semester, students in incentive conditions received weekly monetary payments for meeting fitness-center attendance goals. During spring semester, discontinued-incentive condition participants no longer received incentives, whereas continued-incentive condition participants received payments on a variable-interval schedule. ID-card attendance records tracked fitness-center attendance.

RESULTS:

Goal completion decreased from 63% in the incentive groups during the fall semester to 3% in the discontinued-incentive condition, and 39% in the continued-incentive condition during the spring semester. There was not a significant interaction between condition and body mass index change, F(6, 332) = 0.67, p = .68.

CONCLUSION:

Incentive discontinuation resulted in students no longer meeting fitness-center attendance goals. A variable-interval reward schedule better maintained attendance.

PMID:
24456510
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2013.847840
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center