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J Clin Exp Dent. 2013 Dec 1;5(5):e267-72. doi: 10.4317/jced.50817. eCollection 2013 Dec 1.

Rehabilitation with implant-supported overdentures in total edentulous patients: A review.

Author information

1
Licenciado en Odontología por la Universidad de Murcia. Máster en Prótesis y Oclusión por la Universidad de Murcia. Máster de Estética, Escuela Superior de Implantología, Barcelona.
2
Licenciado en Odontología por la Universidad de Valencia.
3
Doctor en Odontología por la Universidad de Valencia. Director del Máster en Periodoncia y Osteointegración, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Odontológicas (IVIO). Profesor de Periodoncia, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, Valencia.
4
Licenciado en Odontología por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Máster en Prótesis Bucofacial. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Profesor Asociado de la Unidad de Prostodoncia y Oclusión. Facultad de Medicina y Odontología. Universidad de Valencia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The main aim of this review article is to discuss implant-supported overdentures (ISOs) as treatment in edentulous patients. Besides, we will try to discuss among the different treatment options in such patients and to analyze their validity when ISOs are compared with other clinical modalities. At the same time, we will try to suggest clinical guidelines supported by current clinical studies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We performed a Medline search and review of pertinent articles on the mentioned subject from 1986 to 2011. As a searching strategy, we used the following words: implant-supported overdentures, attachment systems, Locator attachment, cantilever, fixed prosthesis.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

Implant-supported overdentures constitute an accurate and predictable treatment option and achieve a higher patients' satisfaction. This type of treatment constitutes a cheaper treatment than fixed prostheses and in some patients, with loss of lip support or with an interoclusal space larger than 15 mm, the choice of implant-supported overdentures seems to prevent future aesthetic or phonetic problems. Key words:Overdentures, implant occlusion, implant rehabilitation, total edentulous rehabilitation, fixed prosthesis.

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