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Clin Dev Immunol. 2013;2013:986789. doi: 10.1155/2013/986789. Epub 2013 Dec 26.

Th17 cells in immunity and autoimmunity.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, P.O. Box 110700, Museum Road Building 981, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.

Abstract

Th17 and IL-17 play important roles in the clearance of extracellular bacterial and fungal infections. However, strong evidence also implicates the Th17 lineage in several autoimmune disorders including multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, and asthma. The Th17 subset has also been connected with type I diabetes, although whether it plays a role in the pathogenicity of or protection from the disease remains a controversial issue. In this review we have provided a comprehensive overview of Th17 pathogenicity and function, including novel evidence for a protective role of Th17 cells in conjunction with the microbiota gut flora in T1D onset and progression.

PMID:
24454481
PMCID:
PMC3886602
DOI:
10.1155/2013/986789
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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