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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2014 Feb 3;53(6):1590-3. doi: 10.1002/anie.201308473. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

Single mutations in tau modulate the populations of fibril conformers through seed selection.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208 (USA).

Abstract

Seeded conversion of tau monomers into fibrils is a central step in the progression of tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. Self-assembly is mediated by the microtubule binding repeats in tau. There are either three or four repeats present depending on the protein isoform. Here, double electron-electron resonance spectroscopy was used to investigate the conformational ensemble of four-repeat tau fibrils. Single point mutations at key positions in the protein (ΔK280, P301S, P312I, D314I) markedly change the distribution of fibril conformers after template-assisted growth, whereas other mutations in the protein (I308M, S320F, G323I, G326I, Q336R) do not. These findings provide unprecedented insights into the seed selection of tau disease mutants and establish conformational compatibility as an important driving force in tau fibril propagation.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer’s disease; EPR spectroscopy; conformation analysis; proteins; tau fibrils

PMID:
24453187
PMCID:
PMC4083751
DOI:
10.1002/anie.201308473
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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