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Nat Mater. 2014 Feb;13(2):125-38. doi: 10.1038/nmat3780.

Imaging macrophages with nanoparticles.

Author information

1
1] Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 185 Cambridge Street, CPZN 5206, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [2] Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, 200 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 32 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.
2
1] Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 185 Cambridge Street, CPZN 5206, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [2] Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 32 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.

Abstract

Nanomaterials have much to offer, not only in deciphering innate immune cell biology and tracking cells, but also in advancing personalized clinical care by providing diagnostic and prognostic information, quantifying treatment efficacy and designing better therapeutics. This Review presents different types of nanomaterial, their biological properties and their applications for imaging macrophages in human diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, aortic aneurysm, diabetes and other conditions. We anticipate that future needs will include the development of nanomaterials that are specific for immune cell subsets and can be used as imaging surrogates for nanotherapeutics. New in vivo imaging clinical tools for noninvasive macrophage quantification are thus ultimately expected to become relevant to predicting patients' clinical outcome, defining treatment options and monitoring responses to therapy.

PMID:
24452356
DOI:
10.1038/nmat3780
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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