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Cornea. 2014 Mar;33(3):280-7. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000000050.

Predicting transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy outcomes using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography.

Author information

1
*Center for Ophthalmic Optics and Lasers, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR; †Department of Ophthalmology, Doheny Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; and ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Kaser Al Aini School of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to use Fourier domain optical coherence tomography to predict transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy outcomes.

METHODS:

This is a prospective case series. Subjects with anterior stromal corneal opacities underwent an excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) combined with a photorefractive keratectomy using the VISX S4 excimer laser (AMO, Inc, Santa Ana, CA). Preoperative and postoperative Fourier domain optical coherence tomography images were used to develop a simulation algorithm to predict treatment outcomes. Main outcome measures included preoperative and postoperative uncorrected distance visual acuities and corrected distance visual acuity.

RESULTS:

Nine eyes of 8 patients were treated. The nominal ablation depth was 75 to 177 μm centrally and 62 to 185 μm peripherally. Measured PTK ablation depths were 20% higher centrally and 26% higher peripherally, compared with those for laser settings. Postoperatively, the mean uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20/41 (range, 20/25-20/80) compared with 20/103 (range, 20/60-20/400) preoperatively. The mean corrected distance visual acuity was 20/29 (range, 20/15-20/60) compared with 20/45 (range, 20/30-20/80) preoperatively. The MRSE was +1.38 ± 2.37 diopters (D) compared with -2.59 ± 2.83 D (mean ± SD). The mean astigmatism magnitude was 1.14 ± 0.83 D compared with 1.40 ± 1.18 D preoperatively. Postoperative MRSE correlated strongly with ablation settings, central and peripheral epithelial thickness (r = 0.99, P < 0.00001). Central islands remained difficult to predict and limited visual outcomes in some cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Optical coherence tomography measurements of opacity depth and 3-dimensional ablation simulation provide valuable guidance in PTK planning. Post-PTK refraction may be predicted with a regression formula that uses epithelial thickness measurements obtained by optical coherence tomography. The laser ablation rates described in this study apply only to the VISX laser.

PMID:
24452208
PMCID:
PMC3946298
DOI:
10.1097/ICO.0000000000000050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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